Beef and Three Bean Chili

Recipe by

Posted on October 12th, 2014

It’s getting colder here in New York City, so I started craving chili and stew again. I grew up in Texas where chili is a standard for campers and an economical option for home cooks. But for thirteen of my twenty-five years in the Lone Star State, I was a vegetarian and mostly ate rice and beans. When people talk about Texas chili, I have to ignore the canned memories from school and chain restaurants and think back to something my mom made when I was little. This is as close to that memory as it gets.

This recipe is a sort of throw-in-what-you’ve-got approach to feeding beef cravings in a bean-lover’s body. Like most one-pot meals, you can make it vegan by simply leaving out the meat and pumping up the veggies. I chose black, kidney, and white beans this time, but you can switch it up with adzuki, pinto, or garbanzos too. Pick some beans you like and add in something you haven’t eaten recently.

Beef and Three Bean Chili

Serves 6 to 8 hungry folks

Ingredients

  • 1 large onion
  • 1.5 pounds ground chuck
  • handful of carrots
  • 1 green or red bell pepper
  • 6 cloves of garlic
  • 1 can black beans
  • 1 can kidney beans
  • 1 can white beans
  • 28 ounce can of chopped tomatoes
  • 6 ounce can of tomato paste
  • 6 dried chipotle peppers
  • 1/4 cup chili powder
  • small handful of dark chocolate chips
  • 1 tablespoon of brown sugar
  • cumin seed or ground cumin
  • 2 bay leaves
  • ~2 tablespoons olive oil
  • ~1 tablespoon tamari
  • ~1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
  • kosher salt
  • cilantro (optional)
  • thyme (optional)
  • oregano (optional)
  • chili flake or cayenne (optional)

Method

Chop the onion. Warm a large pot over medium heat and add a big glug of olive oil. Sauté the onions for about 10 minutes until they’re clear, adding a couple of shakes of cumin seed along the way.

While the onions are cooking, peel and dice the carrots; chop the bell pepper; and boil a cup of water to rehydrate the chipotle peppers. Once the water is boiling, pour it over the peppers into a small glass container. (I have a hot water kettle, so I pour the water over the peppers into a mason jar or measuring cup.) Let that steep for a while and keep the pepper water.

Once the onions start to brown, add some kosher salt to keep them from burning and add the beef to the mixture. Add more salt, maybe three big pinches, and break the beef chunks apart. Once the beef is cooked through, taste it and make sure it’s salty enough on its own. It should taste good before you add everything else. Add in the carrots and bay leaves, and cook them over medium heat for a few minutes until they soften.

Smash or dice the garlic. Open the beans, rinse them, drain them, and add them to the mixture. Add in the tomatoes, tomato paste, chili powder, garlic, bell pepper, chipotle peppers, and about half of the chipotle pepper water. I also like to add other spices here if I have them, like coriander, oregano, thyme, and red chili flake. These are all optional.

Bring the chili to a high simmer, and then turn it down low and cover for at least thirty minutes. You can let it summer for a good long while, adding more salt, chili powder, and pepper water until it’s the right consistency and flavor.

Once everything softens and tastes good, finish the chili by mixing in the chocolate, brown sugar, tamari, and apple cider vinegar. It should be flavorful, bright, and smoky. If you want to spice it up even more, you can add a dash of cayenne pepper or jalapeños if you have them.

When you can’t stop eating the chili out of the pan, it’s time to eat the chili! I serve mine in big bowls over white rice or corn chips, with a little spring of cilantro. You can also make cornbread ahead of time if you feel like baking. Enjoy!

Love Apple Sauce: A Personal, Theoretical and Practical Guide to Homemade Ketchup

Story by

Posted on September 24th, 2014

Photos by Nicole Fenton

Photos by Nicole Fenton

One night in August about five years ago, a friend and I decided to cook slow fast food. On our menu were hamburgers, fries, Waldorf salad, mayonnaise and ketchup, which we’d make from scratch. I lived in Belgium at the time, and consequently, my friend and I had mastered the art of making mayonnaise, each with a distinct role in the process. I was the pourer; he the stirrer. But we had never made ketchup before.

We’d been preparing stuff all day. The hamburger buns had risen beautifully and were ready to be baked. The burgers were waiting to be grilled. Our mayonnaise was soft and creamy, and a tomato mixture was simmering away on the stove. It all smelled great, right until the minute the first person arrived. Our bright red soon-to-be ketchup suddenly turned brown and gave off a putrid scent. “God, what is that smell?” she said. We sent her out to buy a bottle of Heinz and threw out the tomato sauce.

When the summer was over, I moved back to Amsterdam and started working with Jan Hein, a university teacher and self-taught programmer. He designs curriculum to teach humanities students how to code. We soon bonded over a shared enthusiasm and frustration of making ketchup at home. I discovered that tomatoes used to be called love apples. It took a few years, but our story turned out to be a love story too. We started dating and got engaged last summer.

Yet, I never tried to make ketchup again until now. As I’m writing this, my first batch of ketchup is bubbling on the stove. It still smells good.

A Short History of Ketchups

Caveach, escaveche, escabeche, escaveach, iskebêy, caveach, kitjap, kecap, fan-kei cheop, kê-tsiap: the etymology of ketchup is as diverse and uncertain as its origins. Some claim ketchup is derived from pickles used to preserve fish, while others claim its ancestry is East Asian, or more precisely, Indonesian. “Ketchup” would be derived from “kecap,” which means sauce.

Until the 1800s, ketchup wasn’t made with tomatoes, but with fish, walnuts or mushrooms. Ketchups were sour-tasting fermented condiments, intended to keep for eternity, and used to spice up other sauces.¹

The ketchup we know today is sweet and uniform, and mostly by Heinz, who has a market share of 60 percent. “Old” ketchup was never uniform and was therefore very hard to produce on an industrial scale. But a few things have changed over the course of two centuries. Ever since the benzoate war, ketchup’s big historical landmark, the condiment has balanced our five fundamental tastes. The most important changes are increased amounts of sugar and vinegar, and the use of ripe tomatoes instead of young ones. Ripe tomatoes are rich in umami, our fifth flavour component. Tomato ketchup has always been salty and bitter, but with the added sugar and vinegar, our sweet and sour receptors jump with joy. A recipe for success.

As the culinary curious attempt to make more things at home—from growing produce on a fire escape to making sourdough bread—ketchup makes its return to DIY-cooking too. Ketchups are increasingly made with other ingredients besides tomatoes, from cranberries to cabbage to carrots. This movement is both historical (the fish, walnuts and mushrooms) and contemporary, given our increasing concern with local and sustainable farming.

Tomatoes are a soil-depleting crop, which means they require a lot of nutrition to grow relative to their yield. They’re also a seasonal fruit, and apart from a few months each year, they usually travel a few thousand miles before ending up in my market. Depending on where you live, there are other crops that grow with ease and abundance that you can use to make ketchups, including red cabbage and beets.

Homemade Tomato Ketchup

ketchup2

Ingredients

  • 1 28-oz can of pureed whole tomatoes
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon tomato paste
  • ⅓ cup packed dark brown sugar
  • ½ cup cider vinegar
  • ½ teaspoon salt

Method

To start with the basics, I followed Gourmet’s recipe for tomato ketchup. My friend said the ketchup is great on everything from fries to grilled cheese, but it was too sweet for my taste, so I cut the sugar down quite a bit.

To make the ketchup, start by sautéing and softening the onions in a medium saucepan. Mix in the other ingredients and bring the sauce to a boil. Simmer on low uncovered for several hours, until very thick, and then purée.

lovions

Variation I

For an extra fishy umami ketchup, pound 5 anchovies into a paste, and add them to Gourmet’s Homemade Tomato Ketchup’s recipe with 2 teaspoons of tamari, worcester sauce and oyster sauce. Yum, yum, yum.

Variation II

For a tangier ketchup, mix in a tablespoon of curry power, a pinch of ground allspice, and a pinch of ground cloves.

Red Cabbage Ketchup

Ingredients

  • ½ head of red cabbage, thinly sliced
  • ⅔ cup packed dark brown sugar
  • 1 teaspoon allspice
  • 1 teaspoon ginger powder
  • 1 thumb sized piece of ginger, sliced
  • 1 cup of water

Method

This ketchup is inspired by Dan Barber’s article in Time Magazine, Cook with the Whole Farm. The dollop of sauce on the plate is supposedly red cabbage ketchup.

There’s no recipe, so I let all the ingredients simmer and then puréed it. While the sauce is sweet and spiced, the texture is a tad grainy for ketchup. Still, it’s a great sauce for meatballs!

Beet Ketchup

Ingredients

  • 3 beets, diced
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • ⅔ cup of honey
  • 1¼ cups of balsamic vinegar
  • 2 cloves
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • ¼ teaspoon powdered mustard

Method

Beets have a gorgeous color and are cheap and available where I live throughout most of the year. Carrie Fehr’s recipe for beet ketchup gives you a rich, dark and sweet sauce that’s great on chicken or turkey burgers. I ran out of balsamic vinegar, so I used 1¼ cup and ⅔ cup of honey, which was good because I wanted to bump up the percentage of beets a bit.

Sautée and soften the onions. Mix in the remaining ingredients and let them simmer, uncovered, for about an hour, or until reduced by half. Remove the spices and then purée. It should be thick, smooth and shiny. For an extra kick, add some grated horseradish. I recommend eating the ketchup with regular fries instead of sweet potato ones, and it’s also delicious on a piece of leftover steak.